What Are The Benefits Of Delayed Cord Clamping
When a baby is born, the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord is no longer needed and is clamped and cut immediately after birth. Currently, there is a change in trend in cutting the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord, many mothers believe that cutting the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord slowly will help the baby to be healthy and develop more intelligently. So is it really good to cut the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord slowly?
What is delayed cord clamping?
The normal ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord contains up to three ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ vessels: 2 arteries and 1 vein. The veins in the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord carry oxygen and nutrient-rich ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ to the fetus, while the arteries on the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord carry oxygenated ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ, unhealthy waste products (such as carbon dioxide) and other waste products. The ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ that has been depleted of nutrients returns to the placenta and the mother’s ʙʟᴏᴏᴅstream.
In addition to providing oxygen and nutrition, the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord also transmits antibiotics when the mother takes antibiotics into the baby’s body.
When the baby is born, the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord is no longer needed, so it is clamped and cut off to help separate the baby completely from the mother’s body. The slow method of clamping the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord is to wait for the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord to stop beating, then clamp the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord and cut it.
The delayed ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord cutting is a trend in obstetrics due to the benefits that it can bring to the baby’s health.
What are the benefits of delayed cord clamping?
By delaying clamping the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord, more ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ is able to flow from the placenta, directly into your baby. This placental ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ is very rich in iron and studies have shown that the extra ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ received via delayed cord clamping improves babies’ iron stores for the first six months of life.
Iron is one of the few essential minerals that babies can’t get exclusively breastfeeding and this is why, by three to six months old, most babies begin to run down their iron stores.
A study also suggests that there is also a potential benefit to brain development. Babies whose cord clamping was delayed have been shown to have more myelin in the brain. Myelin is used by the nervous system to form neural pathways and facilitates the fast transmission of neural impulses between nerve cells.
It’s also thought to be particularly beneficial for premmie bubs as the additional ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ may reduce the need for ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ transfusions. Additionally, it can help to provide them with some well-oxygenated ʙʟᴏᴏᴅ if their little lungs are struggling to open up for the first time.
How long is the length of time to cut the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord?
Shortly after birth, the ᴜᴍʙɪʟɪᴄᴀʟ cord stops beating, the placenta can no longer pass nutrients to the baby, and from the clinical evidence of delayed cord clamping studies after birth, in In 2012, WHO recommended delayed cord clamping (when the cord stops beating or 1-3 minutes after delivery) for all vaginal births to prevent ᴀɴᴇᴍɪᴀ in the baby.